Federal immigration policy entices Eastern Europeans to Canadian West
Marconi receives the first transatlantic radio message at St. John’s, Newfoundland
Canada loses Alaska Boundary dispute when British representative sides with U.S.
A prospector in northern Ontario stumbles across the world’s richest silver vein
Provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta are formed
Industrial Disputes Investigation Act (IDIA) requires compulsory conciliation of labour disputes
Federal government decides to establish the Royal Canadian Navy
Liberal government of Wilfred Laurier loses Reciprocity election; Robert Borden becomes Prime Minister
S.S. Titanic sinks off Newfoundland; recovered bodies are buried in Halifax cemetery
Canadian economy goes into a slump
Canada automatically enters First World War when Britain declares war on Germany (August 4)
French munitions ship Mont Blanc catches fire and explodes in Halifax harbor on December 6th; 2,000 killed
Canadians capture Vimy Ridge after British and French attempts fail
Income tax is introduced by the federal government as a “temporary wartime measure”
Under the War Measures Act, manufacture and sale of intoxicating beverages is prohibited in Canada
With passage of the Volstead Act in the United States, the rum-running era begins
Foster Hewitt makes the world’s first radio broadcast of a hockey game
Canada deals directly with U.S. without British participation in signing Halibut Treaty
Delegation of Maritime businessmen and politicians travels to Ottawa to lobby for Maritime Rights
Old age pension instituted by federal government
Royal Commission (Duncan) report recommends restoration of preferential Maritime railway freight rates
Supreme Court of Canada rules that women are not “persons” who can be elected to public office
British Privy Council overrules Supreme Court “non-person” decision
New York Stock Market crash
Female worker at Ganong’s candy factory in St. Stephen, N.B., makes $14/wk; her male foreman makes $32/wk
Statute of Westminster grants Canada full autonomy from Britain
Newfoundland Assembly votes to suspend self-government; British appoint “Commission of Government”
The Dionne quintuplets are born in Callander, Ontario
R.B. Bennett’s “New Deal” for Canada announced; Supreme Court later declares it ultra vires
Canada enters World War II after remaining neutral for 1 week; pro-war party in Québec wins provincial election
Ogdensburg Agreement co-ordinates industrial output of Canada and U.S.
Construction boom due to American and Canadian military bases eliminates unemployment in Newfoundland
Canadian raid on French port of Dieppe is a disaster; British later claim it was useful rehearsal for D-Day
Canadian troops advance further inland than any other Allied unit on D-Day (June 6)
Saskatchewan voters elect the first socialist government in North America, led by Tommy Douglas
Newfoundland becomes Canada’s tenth province on March 31st
Mid-century census records Canada’s population as 14 million
Royal Commission (Massey) reports that Canadian culture is dominated by American influences
First television stations in Canada begin broadcasting in Montreal (Sept. 6th) and Toronto (Sept. 8th)
Montreal Canadiens hockey star Maurice “Rocket” Richard is suspended for fighting; riots break out in Montreal
Canadian government cancels the Avro Arrow; many engineers on the project end up working for NASA
St. Lawrence Seaway opens
“Quiet Revolution” begins in Québec
Trans-Canada Highway officially opens
Groundfish landings in Northwest Atlantic peak at 2.8 million tons
The Auto Pact, forerunner of NAFTA, is signed between United States and Canada
The federal government becomes officially bilingual
The FLQ, a militant separatist group in Québec, kidnaps British diplomat and murders Québec cabinet minister
Canada announces 200-nautical-mile coastal fishing zone
Parti Quebécois under Rene Levesque wins Québec provincial election on separatist platform
The majority of Québecers reject separation from Canada in a referendum vote
Québec bans public signs in English
The Canadian Consitution, up until now British legislation, is ratified by the Canadian legislature and every provincial legislature, except Québec.
Jeanne Sauve is named the Governor General of Canada, the first woman appointed to this role.
Brian Mulroney of the Progressive Conservative party is first elected Prime Minister.
Brian Mulroney runs for re-election and wins, the major issue being free trade with the United States.
Canada and the United States sign a free trade agreement.
The proposed Meech Lake Accord, a Constitutional proposal, fails.
On January 1st, the Goods and Services Tax (GST), the most unpopular tax in Canadian history is introduced.
The proposed Charlottetown Accord, a proposal for a new Canadian Constitution, is rejected in a referendum by just over half of Canadians.
Kim Campbell replaces the unpopular politician Brian Mulroney to become Canada’s first female Prime Minister. In an election later that year her party loses all but 2 seats in a Jean Chretién election victory.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) came into effect, creating a free trade zone between Canada, the United States and Mexico.
Confederation Bridge links Prince Edward Island to the rest of Canada.