The Fur Trader's rush into the North West resulted, this year, in a rash of Metis births.
Thomas, who arrived 1789 Hudson Bay,
would have descendents that would marry into the Garneau clan at Red River.


METIS HISTORY Return to METIS 1750-1799 index



Chief Peguis led his band of Ojibwa from Sault Ste Marie to Red River
and became the Saulteaux (Ojibwa) of the Prairies.
Contrary to popular opinion, archaeological evidence suggests
that European trade goods were incorporated into the Ojibwa culture
but did not alter the Ojibwa culture at this time.
The French Metis Culture, however, had been drastically altered.

We fail to recognize that, prior to this time, neither French nor English
were democratic, nor representative.

Only the Indian and Metis were.


(I)-William Auld  (1770-1830) of  Edinburgh, Scotland employed HBC (1790-1815) Churchill, Hudson Bay,  married Mary Indian, epouse 1823 William Tait; William basically abandoned his wife and most of his family, when he retired to Leith, Scotland 1814 and living Edinburgh 1830.
        (II)-Thomas Auld, Metis, sent by ship King George to Mr. Mickleburgu to be educated 1812
        (II)-William Auld, Metis, sent by ship Eddystone to England 1820
        (II)-Wilberforce Auld, Metis, sent by ship Eddystone to England 1820
        (II)-Robert Auld, Metis baptized July 10, 1823
        (II)-Jane Auld, Metis, (1800-1841) baptized April 3, 1831, Ile-a-la-Crosse; married 1814, churched 1835, (I)-John Charles (1799-1843)
        (II)-William Auld, Metis, employed HBC (1819-1820) York Factory
        (II)-John Auld, Metis

Louise Agunalier (f) Metis born 1790 Red River des Metis, one son is noted Domenick Agunalier born 1830 Red River. 

Eugenio Alavarez a Spanish storekeeper of the Royal Treasury who married Josephine Crepeau is living St. Louis, Missouri.

Mary Andrews b-1790, living 1870 Sugar Island, Michigan.

(I)-Magnus Birston (1769-1837) Orkney, joined HBC (1790-1821) York, Red River settled Red River 1821.  Married an Indian girl b-1775, he had 3 sons under 16, 1 daughter over 15, 1 daughter under 15 
    (II)-Catherine Birston  Metis bapt 1824 married (I)-John Tod (1794-1882) at York Factory
    (II)-James Birston  Metis bapt 1824
    (II)-Alexander Birston  Metis bapt 1824
    (II)-William Birston Metis bapt 1826 HBC (1853-1865) Red River & Fort Ellice

(I)-John Askin (Erskine) (1739-1815) merchant of British Fort Detroit (Michigan), was involved in the Miami Company, land speculation, Great Lakes shipping, and supplying provisions to the North West Company and the British at Detroit. 

Franciscus (Francis) Baillarger born 1790 likely Lake Superior died October 21, 1842 LaPointe, Wisconsin.

William Ballendline b-1790 North West Territories married Mary Stevens Metis b-1808 and Charlotte Bickersteth Metis b-1820 North West Territories.

Alexander Andreevich Baranov (1747-1819) is the first manager (1999) of the Russian-American Company making him the Governor of Alaska.  He established a series of trading posts in the Kodiak Island Region.  It is said he often abused the indigenous peoples of Alaska.  He also is credited with providing schools for the Native Peoples.

Jean Baptiste Battosh (Batoche?), born 1790, North West, 1838 Red River census.  see Letendre below.

Jean Baptiste Bauvier b-1790 married Marguerite Laurent b-1791 and Marguerite Metis b-1812 likely North West.

Elisabeth (Lisette) Beauchemin, Metis, b-1790, Red River des Metis, daughter Andre Millet dit Beauchemin, b-1778 and Charlotte Pelletier, Metis B-1785; married Jean Baptiste Braconnier. 

Sarah Biddle b-1790, living 1870 census, Stignace, Michigan.

Antoine Bleau is born Minnesota, no location given.

The last record of (IV)-Joseph Barthelemi Blondeau (1743-1790) is from Mackinac.

Edward Boisant b-1790 Canada, living 1850 census Sault Ste. Marie, Wisconsin, listed as a sailor.

Catherine Bourassaw b-1790, living 1870 census, Alanson, Michigan.

Joe Buckwheat b-1790, living 1870 census, Sagoning, Minnesota.

(III)-John Dugald Cameron (1777-1857) born Sorel, Quebec younger brother of (III)-Duncan Cameron Jr. & of (III)-Ranald Cameron sons of  (II)-Duncan Cameron Sr. (1764-1849), born Scotland came to USA with parents in 1773 to New York 
Joined NWC (1790-1821) a self educated man
A partner in 1813
In 1815 wrote "Peace all over the world except at R.R." R.R. = Red River
Joined HBC (1821-1846) 
Chief factor Columbia District out of Fort George (Astoria) (1821-1824) replaced in 1824 by John McLoughlin
Settled Grafton, Ontario
Married (formalized) 1833 to à la façon du pays Ojibwa who was named Mary and they had 4 sons and 3 daughters
    (III)-Margaret Cameron Metis

Peter Campaux b-1790, living 1870 census, Freesoil, Michigan.

(II)-Scott Campbell (1790-1850), Metis, son (I)-John Archibald Campbell (1775-1808), a trader of the Upper Lakes and Ninse a Dakota woman; married Margaret Menger.

Peter Campo b-1790, living 1870 census, Freesoil, Michigan.

Mrs. William Carow b-1790, living 1870 census, Cheboygan, Michigan.

Mary Casotte, born 1790 Canada, living Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan 1850 census.

Elizabeth Caubmosay b-1790, living 1870 census, Nalkerville, Michigan.

(II)-Louis Chattellain (Chatelain) (b-1742) is in charge of a fort on the south Saskatchewan River which is attacked by 150 Rapid Indians (Dakota Sioux).  All but one Englishman is killed.  The North West Company Post had three Frenchmen and several children, and withstood the assault.  The objective of the attack appears to be for plunder.

Prairie du Chien, birth Michel Brisbois, Metis died 1820 son Michel Brisbois (1759-1837) and a Winnebago Metis woman; married Cathyn Antaya  

Marcus Calder b-1790 married Margaret Indian b-1795 likely North West.

(II)-John Dugald Cameron, a Canadian joined David and Peter Grant in the fur trade.

(II)-Colin Campbell Metis b-1790 married (II)-Elizabeth McGillivray Metis b-1801 likely North West.

Jacque Cardinal b-1790 married Josephte Indian b-1792 likely North West.

James Cochrane b-1790 married Harriot Metis b-1795 likely North West.

Thomas Cochrane Indian b-1790 North West Territories married Harriet Indian b-1800 North West Territories.

Angelique Coplette, Metis, born 1790 Red River des Metis Settlement, North West daughter Joseph Caplette (b-1778), listed 1870 census St. Boniface, Red River, also see 1838 census.

(I)-Jacob Corrigal (1772-1844) an Orkney joined HBC (1790-1840) Albany, Moose, Rupert's River, retired to Cobourg, Ontario.   Employ Martin's Falls, Albany (1802-1812) where he likely married Mary Indian (1772-1823), died at age 35, Martin Falls before 1844, suggests b-1788?
    (II)-Joseph Corrigal Metis sent home 1822
    (II)-Charlotte Corrigal Metis 
    (II)-Elizabeth Corrigal Metis 
    (II)-Catherine Corrigal Metis (1814-1909)
    (II)-Ann Corrigal Metis married (I)-William Nourse (1794-1855)
    (II)-William Corrigal Metis d-1890, sent home in 1824
    (II)-Mary Corrigal Metis married (I)-Robert Scollie (Scolley) b-1799 an Orkney, HBC (1818-1836) Albany, returned to home but no mention of wife or family. 

Jacob Daniel, Metis born 1790 Manitoba son James Daniel, census 1790? (typo error must be 1870?) St. Clement, Red River.

Julie Dagneau de Quindre (1790-1872) daughter Francois Guillaume Dagneau de Quindre, sieur de Picanier and Therese Boyer.

Josette Davis Saulteaux, (Ojibwa) b-1790 Pembina married David Davis b-1773 Upper Canada. 1850 census.  (Josette b-1797 & David b-1795 Europe) Genealogy First Metis Nation.

Alexis Dean b-1790 married Susanne Indian b-1795 likely North West.

Joseph Dufault born 1790 likely La Pointe, Wisconsin, married August 2, 1835 La Pointe, Wisconsin Julia Cadotte born 1798 likely La Pointe, Wisconsin.

Marguerite Dufort, b-1790-94, Red River des Metis Settlement, died 1892, married Alexis Joseph Bellegarde, born April 21, 1792, Louisville, Quebec, died December 9, 1852, Pembina, North Dakota.

Mitchell Eniwesky b-1790, living 1870 census, Sutton's Bay, Michigan.

Francois Fagnant, Metis, born 1790, Red River des Metis, son Raphael Fagnant, b-1756, Quebec and Native Woman; 1st married Charlotte Falardeau, 2nd married November 27,  1832 Red River, Madeleine Lemire, Metis, born 1810 Red River des Metis, 1850 census; or (Francois Fagnant, Metis, b-1796 1st married Charlotte Falardeau, Metis b-1799, 2nd marriage Madeleine Lemire, Metis, b-1803 Red River des Metis) Genealogy First Metis Nation.

Louison Falardeau b-1790 married Marguerite Metis b-1793 likely North West.

(I)-Peter Fidler (1769-1822) departed York Factory for Cumberland House.

John Fielding Metis b-1790 North West Territories married Nancy b-1801 likely North West.

Mary Ann Fisher, Ottawa Metis, b-1790, arrived 1834 Grand River, listed March 28, 1836 treaty.  Rejected as daughter of Therese Chandler who received under the treaty of Chicago.

(I)-James Folster (1772-1841) 
1st married 1790 Jane/Nancy b-1783
2nd married 1814 Josephte Patenaude
    (II)-Margaret Folster Metis bapt 1824 d-1880
    (II)-Susan Folster Metis (1806-1876)
    (II)-Nelly Folster Metis (1810-1872/73)
    (II)-John Folster Metis (1811/12-1834/35)
    (II)-Elizabeth Folster Metis (1822-1832)
    (II)-Jenny Folster Metis (1824-1850)
    (II)-Jane Folster Metis b-1824
    (II)-William Folster Metis b-1826/27

Joseph Gauthier born 1790 likely La Pointe, Wisconsin, married August 16, 1835 La Pointe, Wisconsin Theresia Miskwakwadokwe born 1801 likely La Courte Oreille or Lac Courte Oreille (Ottawa Lake), Sawyer County, Wisconsin.

Frederick George b-1790 married Josephte Indian b-1791 likely North West.

Maxime Genthon b-1790 Canada married Marie Jerome Metis b-1807 Red River des Metis Settlement daughter Martin Jerome b-1783 and Francoise Indian b-1785.

Jean Baptiste Gervais b-1790 married Madeleine Bonneau Metis b-1805 North West Territories daughter Jean Baptiste Bonneau b-1742 and Louise Indian b-1760.

(I)-Hugh Gibson b-1790 Orkney married Angelique Chalifoux Metis b-1810 North West Territories daughter Michel Chalifoux b-1757 Canada and Elizabeth Collin Metis b-1760 most likely North West.

(I)-Robert Goodwin aka Goodwyn, (1761-1805) employed HBC (1781-1805) married about 1790 Albany District, Jenny Mistigoose d-1798 daughter Puckethwanisk.

Louis Gornow (Gornor), Ojibwa Metis, b-1790, arrived 1826 Sault Ste Marie, listed March 28, 1836 treaty.

Duncan Graham (?-1847) arrived to trade with the Dakota in the 1790's.  He became known as Hohayteedah, or Horse Voice, and married Penichon (Penichon), Metis, the daughter of a Dakota chief who was a half-blood son of a French deserter who traded with the Dakota after Martin's left their country; about the time the British won Canada from the French. 

(III)-Marguerite Grant, Metis, b-1790 N.W.T., d-1880, daughter, (II)-Peter Grant, Metis, b-1764 and Margaret Ahdiksongab aka Marthe Clear Sky; married Collin Robertson..

Charlotte Gravereat, Ojibwa Metis, b-1790, arrived 1815 Mackinac, wife Henry Gravereat Sr., listed March 28, 1836 treaty 

Joseph Grenon Jr., Metis, b-1790 son Joseph Gregnon and Nowananikkwee; married Angelique Folle-Avoine.

Green Bay birth (IV)-Paul Hypolite Grignon,  died 1851, son (II)-Pierre Grignon (1740-1795) and  (V)-Louise Domitide Langlade born 1759; married 1st Nanette, 2nd Listte.

John Gunn, Metis, born 1790 Ruperts Land, census 1833 Red River.  Possible son (I)-George Gunn (1768-1852) in HBC employ (1794-1799) before returning to Orkney 1799.

Josepg High b-1790, died 1907, Michigan 

Charles Houle, Metis born 1790 Red River des Metis Settlement, North West, listed 1870 census St. Agathe, Red River.

Nancy Jackson b-1790, living 1870 census, Chippewa, Michigan.

Joseph Johnson b-1790, living 1870 census, Sagoning, Michigan.

Mrs Francois Johnson b-1790, living 1870 census, Mackinaw City, Michigan.

Louis Kandananibi born 1790 likely Fond du Lac, Wisconsin married September 9, 1835 La Pointe, Wisconsin Josepha Tchigabe Kitchiwanokwe born 1792 likely Fond du Lac, Wisconsin.

Simon Kenawekezhick b-1790, living 1870 census, Bay Shore, Michigan.

Josette Kewagaskum b-1790, living 1870 census, Sutton's Bay, Michigan.

Keygaw b-1790, living 1870 census, Wiedman, Michigan.

Josette Keywaycushcum b-1790, living 1870 census Bayshore, Michigan.

(II)-Margaret Kipling, Metis, (1790-1870) daughter (I)-John Kipling Sr., a bigamist b-1724 England, died November 23, 1794 Fort Albany, NWT and his 3rd wife Nancy a Native Baywife; married December 18, 1827, Red River, John Lyons, b-1780, died February 22, 1875, Mapleton, Manitoba son Benjamin? Lyons..

(II)-Joseph Klyne Metis (1816-1849) son (I)-Michel Klyne b-1781 a Dutchman from Red River and Susan Lafrance Metis b-1790 Red River.  Joseph grew up in Jasper House and was hired by HBC 1828 and listed as a native apprentice.  It is noteworthy that his sister (II)-Jane Klyne Metis b-1810 Red River married 1825 Fort George, Columbia District, (I)-Archibald McDonald (1790-1853).  It's noteworthy that (II)-Michel Klyne Metis was born 1811 Fort Edemonton, (II)-Madeline Klyne Metis b-1808 N.W.T. but some claim her parents married Red River 1808. and Jean Baptiste Klyne Metis b-1817 N.W.T. 

(I)-George Wright Knowles (Knowlys) d-1793 joined HBC (1790-1793) Albany District.  

Joseph Fafard Laframboise, Metis, b-1788, baptised July 29, 1796 Fort Michilimackinac, Michigan son Alexis (Alexander) FaFard dit LaFramboise, (1763-1800) and Marguerite Sauragess Sauteuse. 

Mr Keating the historian personally verified in 1823 from an old timer that Pembina Red River was occupied with settlers in 1790.  Other records push the date of settlement to 1756 or 1758.  Now maybe only one settler could say he was in the area 1790 to 1823?

Joseph Laframboise, born 1790, Fort Michilimackinac, Mackinac Island, died May 16, 1870 St. Francois Xavier, Manitoba, son Joseph Laframboise, died 1848 and Josephte Assiniboine died February 10, 1852, Pembina; married 1823 NWT, Marie Cecile Dumont b-1800, Saskatchewan Valley, Saskatchewan. 

Suzanne LaPance, Metis, born 1790 North West living census 1870 Schatchng River, Red River.

Isabella La Porte Metis born 1790/1810 daughter Joseph Duchene La Prairie or Mushkedewinn (Prairie Man) and Pimeegeeshigoqua Ojibwa woman; married Daniel Dingley a trader.  

Jean Baptiste LaRance (LaFrance) born 1790 North West, census 1838 Red River.

Louis Lambert b-1790 married Angelique Belleau Metis b-1800 most likely North West.

Jean Baptiste Landry b-1790 married Margaret Indian b-1794 most likely North West.

Jean Baptiste Laurence b-1790 Canada married Louise Indian b-1800 most likely North West.

Angelic Laverdure (Montour), b-1790 Pembina, 1850 census.  (Angelique Montour, Metis b-1800 married to Alexis Laverdure b-1756 Canada) Genealogy First Metis Nation.  Others suggest Alexis born 1765 Pembina, North Dakota, died April 16, 1850, Pembina North Dakota, married about 1814 Angelique Montour, Metis, b-1800 and appears to be more correct?) 

Jean Baptiste Letendre dit Batoche, Metis b-1790 Red River des Metis, a hunter,  married Marguerite Lionais dit Delaunay, Metis b-1810 Red River des Metis.  1850 census.  (Jean b-1819 & Marguerite Lyonnais b-1822) Genealogy First Metis Nation.  First child born 1828, 2nd marriage or different person? 

Agathe Letendre, b-1790 daughter Jean Baptiste Letendre Jr., b-1761, Quebec and Josephte Cree; married, 1807, Pierre Ferdinand Wenzel.  

(I)-Daniel Lillie b-1790 England Mary Anne Richard Metis b-1812 most likely North West.

Marguerite Lonais b-1790 Red River des Metis, married Baptiste Lonais, Metis b-1780 Canada, a hunter. 

Jean Baptiste Loyer aka Moostoush married Marguerite Native b-1790.  Possible son (III)-Jean Baptiste Loyer dit Desnoyers and (III)-Marie Ann Couvert b-1704 out of Detroit

Alexander McBeath, b-1757, married 1790 Native woman.

Simon McKay b-1790 married Francoise Indian b-1800 most likely North West.

(I)-Mad Donald McKay aka MacKay (1753-1833) joined HBC (1779-1822) married about 1790, likely Albany (II)-Hannah Sutherland, Metis, died 1802 near York Factory,  likely daughter (I)-James Sutherland (1751-1797); 2nd marriage Mary Mackenzie about 1810 in Scotland 1809-1822 when he then emigrated to Nova Scotia. He was employed  by John Ross (1779-1781); employed non-HBC (1785-1790); employed HBC (1790-1809) (see 1779 for family)

(I)-John McKay (1753-1810), joined HBC (1790-1810) arrived Albany H.B.C. and is posted to St. Annes, Albany, (1790-1793), posted Lac La Pluie (1793-1797).  Married about 1791 St. Annes, Albany (II)-Mary Favell Metis (1775-1810) daughter (I)-John Favell Jr. Metis and Tittmeg or Titameg..  He was previously employed out of Montreal by Angus Shaw d-1832.  Some believe he is the brother of (I)-Mad Donald MacKay (1753-1833).  

        (II)-John Richards McKay Metis,(1792-1877/87) married (II)-Harret Ballenden Metis (1795/1800-1854)
        (II)-William McKay, Metis b-1793 
        (II)-Edward McKay, Metis b-1795 
        (II)-Isobel (Isabella) McKay, Metis,  Isabella married (I)-Joseph Beioley (1785-1859) Moose Factory (Ontario) Register
        (II)-Elizabeth McKay, Metis 
        (II)-Alexander McKay, Metis (1805-1842), married (II)-Catherine Robertson Metis daughter (I)-James Robertson (1759-1809)
        (II)-Charles McKay, Metis, 
        (II)-Mary McKay, Metis 

Daniel McKenzie d-1832 joined the North West Company. He had a Metis son.   Colin Robertson described him as "very stupid, obstinate and of doubtful attachment to the Company".

(II)-Alexander Mackenzie (1763-1820), at the annual gathering of the traders at Grand Portage, were not impressed with his recent venture as it did not provide a trading route to the Pacific.    

James McMillan b-1790 married Josephte Bellisle Metis b-1795 North West Territories.

Lora Marion, Metis, born 1790 Manitoba daughter Marion, listed census 1870 St. Pierre Red River.

Archange Marow (Mirow) b-1790, living 1870 census Bay Mills, Michigan.

Irvine Martin born 1790 North West, census 1835 Red River.

Francois Martin b-1790 married Madeleine Racette Metis b-1787 most likely North West.

Mary Mawtance b-1790, living 1870 census Bay Shore, Michigan.

Mary Meyotte b-1790 Red River des Metis, married Francois Meyotte, Metis b-1784 Red River des Metis.  Mary b-1810 Red River des Metis living with them 1850 census.

Susan Miscogeon b-1790, living 1870 census Bay Mills, Michigan.

Mrs Mary Joe Mitchell) b-1790, living 1870 census Namah, Michigan.

Mokechewawnoquay b-1790, living 1870 census Alanson, Michigan.

Francois Monjeunier b-1790 Morth West Territories 1st married Mary Charlays b-1800; 2nd married Teresa Lardcque most likely North West.

James Monkinan jr. born 1790 North West, census 1835 Red River.

John Nabinega b-1790, living 1870 census Sutton's Bay, Michigan.

Nebenegwawnaybe b-1790, living 1870 census Sutton's Bay, Michigan.

Negawnequay b-1790, living 1870 census Mt. Pleasant, Michigan.

Odishquay b-1790, living 1870 census Sugar Island, Michigan.

Joseph Ouellette Jr, Metis, b-1790/92, Red River des Metis, died May 12, 1885, Batoche, Saskatchewan, son Joseph Ouellette Sr., B-1765, 1st married about 1789, Red River des Metis, Angelique an Assiniboine, b-1773; 2nd married 1825 Therese Elizabeth Houle, b-1805, died January 19, 1900 Batoche, Saskatchewan.

Victorie Ouellette, Metis, b-1790, Red River des Metis, daughter Joseph Ouellette Sr., B-1765, married 1789 Red River des Metis, Angelique Assiniboine; married Michel Genthon dit Dauphinais, b-1772/81, died before 1861, son Francois Xavier Janton dit Dauphine and Marguerite Duprat.

Theresa Oga b-1790, living 1870 census Gould City, Michigan.

Joseph Ouellet (Ouellette), Metis born (1780 or 1790?) Red River des Metis Settlement, North West and his wife Thirse (Therese) Houle, Metis born 1795 Red River des Metis Settlement, North West daughter Antoine Houle, listed 1870 census Red River.

Jacque Ouellet, Metis, born 1790 Red River des Metis Settlement, North West son Joseph Ouellet.  His wife Mari Marcellaid, Metis, Born 1792 Red River des Metis, North West daughter Jean Baptiste Marcellaid, census 1870 Red River.

Victoria Ouellet, Metis born 1790 Red River des Metis Settlement, North West living 1870 census St. Norbert, Red River.

Peter Pangman (1744-1819), the German or Dutchman, is trading Rocky Mountain House, Alberta.

Pawmesaway b-1790, living 1870 census Freesoil, Michigan.

Francois Perreault b-1790 married Marie Grant Metis b-1794 most likely North West.

Manvil Plante, Metis b-1790 Red River des Metis, a hunter, married Josette, Metis b-1810 Red River des Metis.

Jean Baptiste Pombrainte (Pomerainte) a.k.a. Fontaine, b-1790 Upper-Canada, married about 1827 Red River Isabella Rivard, Metis b-1810, Red River des Metis.  1850 census.  (Jean b-1798 & Isabel b-1818) Genealogy First Metis Nation.  This is likely an error as Isabel would only be age 9 when married. 

Michel Richard b-1790 North West Territories married Isabelle Collin Metis b-1789 most likely North West.

Guillaume Rocheleau b-1790, Canada, son Guillaume Rocheleau and Amable Taillefer; married, March 6, 1832, St. Boniface, Red River, Marie Adam Metis b-1792 most likely North West daughter, Jean Baptiste Adam and Louise Quebec.

Sara Ross, born Oregon Territory 1790, listed Winnipeg census 1870 as a white person, and widow.

John Ross, born 1790, a Cherokee Metis is living among the eastern Cherokee.

Malchom Ross took his wife and two children on his Athabaska expedition with (I)-Peter Fidler.(1769-1822)

Jane Saboo b-1790, living 1870 census Bay Mills, Michigan.

George Sanderson, Metis b-1790 son James Sanderson and Elizabeth Native; married Lisette (Elizabeth) Lagemoniere, Metis b-1803 most likely North West daughter Baptiste Lagemoniere (1778-1855) and Josephite Native.

Francois (Saroyard) LaNoyard (Noyer?), Metis, born 1790 United States son Lt. Ceureuil LaOsyard (Saroyard?), listed 1870 census Red River.

Francois Saroyard, Metis, born 1790 United States son Laurent Saroyard, listed 1870 census Kildoan, Red River.

Sophia Shagonaybe b-1790, living 1870 census Bay Mills, Michigan.

Simon b-1790, living 1870 census Pellston, Michigan.

Peter Sinclair Metis b-1790 married Marguerite Roussin Metis b-1795 most likely North West.

York Factory. marriage (I)-William Sinclair, Orkney (1766-1818) employed HBC (1782-1818) married Margaret Nahoway Cree or Metis

William Spence, Metis, born 1790 Manitoba son Iscgues Spence, listed 1870 census St. Pierre Red River.

George Spence Metis b-1790 North West Territories married Nancy Ward Metis b-1800 North West Territories.

John Spencer (1790-1880) married (II)-Ann Sinclair Metis b-1800 or (1796-1861) most likely Hulse or Spirit Lake House, North West. daughter (I)-William Sinclair (1766-1818) and Margaret Nahoway Cree or Metis

Francoise St. Germain born 1790 Rabasca (Athabasca?) daughter Pierre St. Germain, listed 1870 St. Boniface, Red River census.

Marie Sutherland, Metis born 1790 Red River des Metis Settlement daughter Peter Sutherland listed census 1870 St. Boniface, Red River.

William Tait born 1790 North West, census 1838 Red River.

Red River region, marriage Andre Trottier b-1757 Montreal and Louise Chippewa Indian; 4 children are noted.

Joseph Trottier, Metis b-1790, Pembina, a hunter, son Andre Trottier and Louise Saulteaux; married, 1823,  Marie Saulteaux, b-1790 Pembina, Red River.

(II)-Jacob Truthwaite Metis b-1786/90 Albany son of (I)-Matthew Truithwaite (1753-1793) and Elizabeth Pocathea b-1770; joined HBC (1800-1829) Albany and southern Department, 1829 settled Red River,  married 1830/32 (II)-Elizabeth Vincent Metis b-1801/02  bapt 1830 daughter (I)-Thomas Vincent (1776-1832) and 2nd wife  Jane Sutherland Metis daughter of the late James Sutherland and another mans wife;
    (III)-Elizabeth Truthwaite Metis bapt 1830 
    (III)-Isabella Truthwaite Metis bapt 1830 married 1832 John Norquay Metis son (I)-Ormand Norquay (1773-1820)
    (III)-Jane Truthwaite Metis bapt b-1816 bapt 1830 married James Anderson Metis b-1808
    (III)-Mary Truthwaite Metis bapt b-1810 bapt 1830  married George Moore Metis b-1774/76 HBC (1794-1843) Moose (Ontario)
    (III)-Thomas Truthwaite Metis bapt 1830 married 1845 (II)-Catherine McDermot Metis
    (III)-Harriet Truthwaite Metis bapt 1830
    (III)-Sarah Truthwaite Metis bapt 1830
    (III)-Ann Truthwaite Metis bapt 1830

Edward Umfreville made a drawing of an Indian Buffalo (Bison) Pound

St. Louis, Missouri, birth (II)-Marie Antoinette Vasquez (1790-1791) daughter (I)-Benito Vasquez (1738-1810) and Marie Julie Papin; 

(I)-Thomas Vincent (1776-1832) joined HBC (1790-1825) Albany, Red River & Moose River (Ontario).  
1st married *(II)-Jane Renton Metis (1782-1858) daughter (I)-William Renton (1754-1798) and Indian girl.
    *(II)-Sophia Vincent Metis 
    *(II)-John Vincent Metis  b-1797 Hudson Bay married 1843 Charlotte Thomas daughter of William Thomas
    *(II)-James Sutherland Vincent Metis
He abandoned his first family for a bigamist and adulteress relationship.  Charges were laid against him in 1817.  "that you have separated from the woman with whom you have been living & by whom you had a family of children & have taken another man's wife to live with you"
2nd marriage (II)-Jane Sutherland Metis daughter (I)-James Sutherland (1768/72-1806) and another mans wife.
    (II)-Mary Vincent Metis married Joseph Gladman Metis (1796-1875)  Mary may not be a Vincent but  (Mary Moore (Moar)) daughter George Moore Metis b-1774/76 Moose and (III)-Mary Truthwaite Metis b-1810
    (II)-John Vincent Metis (1796-1874) married (II)-Charlotte Thomas Metis b-1805 daughter (I)-William Thomas (1779-1818) and Catherine Best
    (II)-Harriet Vincent Metis b-1798 ** bapt 1809 1st married 1810 (I)-David Ramsey Stewart b-1786 he abandoned his family and pregnant wife, 2nd  marriage (II)-George Gladman Metis (1800-1893) son (I)-George Gladman (1765-1821) and Mary Indian
    (II)-Elizabeth Vincent Metis b-1801 bapt 1809 married 1832 Red River (II)-Jacob Truthwaite Metis b-1790
    (II)-James Vincent Metis b-1803 of Hackney, UK 
    *(II)-Jane Vincent b-1806 bapt 1809 married 1832 (I)-Edward Chambers b-1797 of Orkney
    *(II)-Thomas Vincient Metis b-1810 bapt 1810 Moose Factory of Sedgefield, Durhan County, UK 
* took to England in 1826 with others, likely a judgment of the 1817 abandonment case.
** some claim daughter Renton but I suspect this might be in error?

Alexis Vivier b-1790 Canada married Maria Indian b-1791 North West Territories.

Nancy Ward b-1790, living 1870 census Mt. Pleasant, Michigan.

Angelique Wawbegaykake b-1790, living 1870 census Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan.

John Waywaysemaw b-1790, living 1870 census Provemont, Michigan.

Madeline Whiteloon b-1790, living 1870 census Sugar Island, Michigan.

Only 12 people claimed to be born at the Red River des Metis Settlement this year.  This would imply a settlement population of about 219 people.  This year a number of Sault Ste Marie Ojibwa and Metis migrated to the Red River des Metis community.  The Red River Valley was flooded this year.

Contrary to popular opinion, archaeological evidence suggests that European trade goods are incorporated into the Ojibwa culture but had not altered the Ojibwa culture at this time.  The French Culture, however, had been drastically altered.  The Ojibwa exerted a great deal of pressure on the French to share.  Hoarding, or refusing to share, is regarded as shameful.  The concept of gift giving and credit is adopted early by the French and only much later by the English.  The French fraternized, danced and generally made merry, whereas the English traded through holes in their forts.  The rules of trading and economical transportation via canoe altered the French Canadian culture forever.  Rich dress, a display of richly decorated clothing, is the mark of a successful hunter.  One just has to observe the Metis Culture or a Voyager to see this cultural change.

(I)-John Best employee HBC (1773-1803) of Cat Lake wrote (I)-Robert Goodwin (1761-1805) of Pashcocoggan aka Osnaburgh House, Albany District, that there will be a poor trade from inland this year, as there is so many traders, and everyone will get but a little.  David Ramsey, (Metis son Thomas Ramsey employee HBC (1770-1815?)) the notorious trader who killed eight Ojibwa twenty years ago; allegedly in self-defense, has gone to live with the Ojibwa speaking Mississauga on the northwest shore of Lake Ontario, in the so called American Old Northwest, which includes the Great Lakes region west of Pittsburgh and north of the Ohio River.

The Hudson Bay Company was chronically short of cloth trade goods this decade.

(I)-George Wrights Knowles arrived Albany, James Bay and met with Edward Jarvis, chief factor.  The Hudson Bay Company wanted to expand into Nipigon.  (I)-Donald MacKay (1753-1833) proposed they establish posts at Lake Nipigon and Sturgeon Lake. 

The Metis Nor'westers were firmly in control of the fur trade about the Great Lakes and deep into the Illinois country.  The Hudson Bay men despised what they called the peddlers and packmen, who were over running the north west, which they considered their south west department.  Those Voyageurs considered fifty miles a day only a fair days travel.  On a good day they could paddle a hundred miles. 

(I)-Robert Goodwin (1761-1805) at Osnaburgh House, Albany District, reported Indians from Lake Winnipeg, Lake of the Woods, Eagle Lake, Nipigon River and Trout Lake had arrived to trade.  Even strange Indians from the great north (North west of Winnipeg Lake) also arrived.  It would appear the natives are shopping around for the best trade or are exploiting the massive influx of traders into the Northwest over the past few years.  It is noteworthy that the Ojibwa from the Lake of the Woods are growing Indian corn and potatoes to supply the passing traders.  There are also four or five families of Ottawa, who settled six miles up the Dead River from its junction with the Red River, who also raised Indian corn, potatoes and other garden stuff for the fur traders.  The harvesting of wild rice for the fur trade has been long established.

Saginaw Ojibwa captures John Tanner (1780-1846?), who is called the white Indian.  He grew up on the Red River, raising a Metis family.  He is recorded visiting Mackinac 1820 to 1823, then lived Sault Ste Marie until 1846.  He noted one trading company is called 'The Chippeway Frenchman' which symbolizes the close relationship between these peoples.  It is noteworthy that the Ojibwa loved the French but despised the Black Robes; who are not allowed on Lake Superior until 1834.

(I)-Peter Turner of the Hudson Bay Company visited Athabasca, and he contends the local Natives complained that the peddlers and pack men of Montreal (Nor'wester) had a practice of seizing and selling their women for non payment.  And if the husbands or fathers resisted, the only satisfaction they get is a beating.  This does not appear in character and could be Hudson Bay Company propaganda. It conflicts with other accounts.  They also report that the Athabascan speaking, Beaver Indian consistently shunned any sexual contact with Hudson Bay personnel.  This is an exception to the practices of other tribes.  Edward Umfreville noted that English money is nearly everything and scarcely anything else will induce them to risk their lives.  He noted the Orkney, because of their cautious nature have not lost a man in the past fifteen years.  The Canadians delight in the dangers, caring little for their lives or cargo, and with little thought of gain.  He went on to say that the success of the Canadians is attributed to the superior efforts of their servants and not to superior goods.  Not surprisingly, Edward Umfreville deserted the Hudson Bay Company.  

Chief Peguis led his band of Ojibwa from Sault Ste Marie to Red River and hence became the Saulteaux (Ojibwa) of the Prairies.  This move is to ensure their presence in the expanding Red River trade and the expanding settlement of that area.  Other Ojibwa had preceded Chief Peguis.  Peter Grant (1764-1848), the merchant, wintered at the junction of the Red and Pembina Rivers, trading mostly with the Ojibwa traders of the area.  The Red River des Metis colony is growing as the Metis Canadians; mostly French, and some few Scottish mixed with Chippewa, Cree and Assiniboine, are claiming settlement locations.  The prevailing language is French and Chippewa (Ojibwa).  The Ojibwa introduce the Metis in Red River to the Seneca root; which was used as a remedy for colds, pneumonia, croup, whooping cough and rheumatism.  The Metis would turn this into a cash crop, which they exported to many countries.

Alexis Reaume, a cousin of Joseph Reaume and Jean Baptiste Perrault (Perrot) (1761-1844), left the Compagnie Generale, returning to independent trading.  The new Campagnie Generale included (IV)-Jean Baptiste Cadotte Jr. (1761-1818), (I)-John Sayer (1750-1818), Cazelai (Cazelet) Joseph Reaume (1739-1796), (IV)-Gabriel Attina LaViolette; alias Ranger (d-1803).  Joseph Reaume (1739-1796) and Cadotte (1761-1818) wintered at Leech Lake.

Jacques d'Eglise, a Frenchman from St. Louis, is trading with the Mandan in North Dakota and reports that the British traders from Assiniboine are among them.  Jacques lived among the Missouris 1790 to 1792.  Americans are along the Mississippi, Americans and British are in Oregon, and the Russians are in California. The Spanish occupied Vancouver Island about this time.

The year 1789 is represented by a significant influx of Coureurs des Bois and Voyagers, who wintered in the North West; especially in the Red River des Metis colony.   It is noteworthy that at this time, British Fort Detroit (Michigan) is the largest settlement of Upper Canada, containing some two thousand people, mostly Metis, French Canadians and a few Loyalists.  The first brick house in western Ontario was built near British Fort Detroit (Michigan), by Francis Baby.

This decade saw an influx of Iroquois into the north west fur trade. There were several hundred engaged with the North West Company as trappers, hunters and traders. They were mainly from the St. Lawrence River, especially from Caughnawaga.  Most accounts ignore the Metis and free traders that descended on the Red River and North West region.

Red River House

This sketch represents one persons view of the interior of a Metis house in Red River des Metis.


Philadelphia was not a healthy place to live.  Dr Benjamin Rush compiled data on 100 people and concluded that one-third died before age six and only one-quarter lived beyond the age of twenty-six.

(I)-David Thompson (1770-1857), a Hospital Boy wrote: "The last winter I passed ... with Mr. (I)- Philip Turner (Turnor), of whom I have learned the Theory and Practice of Practical Astronomy, my improvement in that Science, I hope my works will show." 

About 20% of U.S. are black African in origin, or 760,000 people.

United States census report, the number of slaves in the state of Massachusetts, was 6,001, which number included about 200 half breed (Metis) Indians.

The Great Lake La Mer Douce (the calm Sea) was renamed Lac des Hurons (Lake of the Hurons).

January 6: Sault Ste Marie, birth Genevieve Nolin, Metis,  daughter Jean Baptiste Nolin and Marie Angelique Couvret, b-1770; 

January 8:  Fort Detroit, marriage, Paul Armand to (II)-Marie Joseph Parnier, daughter (II)-Paul Parnier dit Vadeboncoeur and Therese Campeau.

February 4:  Ernest Town, Ontario, marriage,  Henry McGuien and Christiana Simmon.

February 8:  Detroit, birth Marie Gouin Metis daughter (V)-Charles Francois Gouin born February 2, 1755 Detroit and Indian girl.

February 14:   British Fort Detroit (Michigan), birth, William Hand son William Hand to Mary Abbott.

March 1:   British Fort Detroit (Michigan), marriage, Walter Roe to Ann Laughton daughter John Laughton. 

March 1:  Fredericksburgh Town, Ontario, marriage, Andrew Rusk and Elizabeth Cook.  Rusk was a United Empire Loyalist, he served i a regiment based in New York state.  He was given a land grant in Ernest Town on the Bay of Quinte (Ontario).  Source Don Rusk who thinks he is Irish.

March 2:  Sophiasburgh Town, Ontario, marriage, Daniel Young and Dorcas Conger.

April:   (I)-Robert Goodwin (1761-1805) of Osnaburgh House, Albany District,  recorded that he was supporting a young lad, his wife, mother, two sisters and a brother-in-law, as the young man is not able to maintain them all.

April 1:   British Fort Detroit (Michigan), birth, Anne Mackintosh daughter Angus Mackintosh and Archange St. Martin. 

April 8:   British Fort Detroit (Michigan), birth, (V)-Pierre Jean Baptiste Dagneau de Quindre, died in Detroit, Michigan, son (IV)-Antoine Dagneau de Quindre seur De Pontchartrain (1751-1814) and Catherine Desrivieres Lamorandiere Trottier (1757-1817); married 1st August 31, 1819 Detroit, Michigan, Susanne Robert, 2nd marriage June 19, 1827 Detroit, Michigan, Marie Desanges Drouillard.

May:   (I)-Robert Goodwin (1761-1805) reports there are many Canadians nearby and goods is slow in arriving.  The Hudson Bay Company lost 50% of their trade to the peddlers.  Two sloops are working full time, conveying provisions to Grande Portage.  The actual births of Metis in the North West this season must run into the hundreds.  Fort Lac Des Boeufs (Bullalo House) on Buffalo Lake, also called Peter Pond Lake near Methye Portage, is built by the N.W.C.  Swan Lake House at Swan Lake is built by the H.B.C.  Rat Portage (Kenora) is built by the N.W.C. on old Fort Island on the Lake of the Woods. It was noted that spirit distribution to Indians has not been curtailed by laws, passports or bonds.

May 6:  St. Louis, Missouri, birth (III)-Hyacinthe Marechal, Metis, daughter (II)-Francois Marechal, Metis, born March 31, 1751 Cahokia, (Illinois) and Marie Therese Riviere. 

June 9:   (I)-David Thompson (1770-1857) departed Cumberland House to survey the Saskatchewan River system.  He had learned surveying and mapmaking while recovering from a broken leg.  Some time between 1789 and 1792, Cumberland House was relocated about a mile and a quarter to its present location.  The North West Company also maintained a post nearby.

June 18:   British Fort Detroit (Michigan), marriage, Jean Baptiate Binet to (IV)-Marie Madeline Lacoste daughter (III)-Francois Lacoste dit Lang-Languedoc (1720-1762) and (II)-Madeline Bourbon b-1722. 

June 22:   British Fort Detroit (Michigan):  The sale of Indian lands only had one Ojibwa signer: Rou-nia-hy-ra.

July 6:  Fredericksburgh Town, Ontario, marriage, Abraham Lorraway and Catreen Dies.

July 7:  St. Louis, Missouri, birth  (II)-Toussaint Marechal, Metis, son (I)-Nicolas Marechal de St. Vincent and Marie Jeanne Illinoise et lleret; de Ste Anne, Fort Chartres; married January 19, 1824 St. Charles, Missouri Marie Joseph Bordeaux. 

July 21:   British Fort Detroit (Michigan), death, (IV)-Philippe Chabert Gouin.

June 23:   Patrick Small from Ile a la Crosse, Alexander Mackenzie from Fort Chipewyan, Angus Shaw d-1832 from Moose Hill Lake on the upper waters of Beaver River and William McKillivray from Churchhill River or Lac La Ronge, are observed returning to Grand Portage. 

June 23:  St. Louis, Missouri, birth (III)-Leon Ferdinand Marechal son (II)-Antoine Marechal, Metis, b-1754 likely Cahokia, (Illinois) and (IV)- Catherine Tabeau b-1757; married 1819 Elisabeth Fournier. 

June 29:   River St. Clair, Western District of Canada birth John Betton Laughton son Peter Laughton and Catharine Harson.

June 30:   St. Louis, Missouri, 2nd marriage Michel Quesnel South West, birth (IV)-Marie Louise Jourdain Metis about 1760 south west of  Michillimackinac daughter (III)-Jean Baptiste Jourdain b-1718 and Marie Joseph Reaume Metis; 1st married Jean Baptiste Lebeau.

August:   (I)-James Sutherland (1751-1797), with 13 men, established a Hudson Bay house on Red Lake, north of the Lake of the woods.  The H.B.C. also built at Lac Seul.

August 19:  Detroit, death Marie Joseph Goderre b-1770, wife Joseph Robert. 

August 26:  Jean Baptiste Gervais Jr., born August 26, 1790 son Jean Baptiste Gervais Sr. and Francoise Jouineau; married about 1817 Madeleine Bonneau, Metis, b-1805, NWT, daughter Jean Baptiste Bonneau, b-1752, died 1842, Red River and Louise a Native, b-1760.

August 31:  Ernest Town, Ontario, marriage, Cornelius Brass and Hannah Devy.

September:   George Washington, the invader, ordered Brigadier General Josiah Harmar to pacify the Indians.  His army consists of 1,100 Pennsylvania, Virginia and Kentucky Militia, plus three hundred Federal Regulars.  In September, the Indians routed the invading enemy, killing 183 and wounding 31 more.  Some contend that during the period 1783 to 1790, about 1,500 Europeans, who had invaded into Indian Territory, died in isolated Indian Attacks.  This likely represents the American experience.  The Canadian history was relatively bloodless, thanks to the peaceful penetration of the Metis.

September 1:  Fredericksburgh Town, Ontario, marriage, Jacobus De Morset and Anna Bowen.

September 14:  (I)-John Kipling a bigimist, (1724-1794) at Fort Albany, NWT and his 2nd wife a country women Marguerite Oknese, a Native woman and 3rd wife Nancy a Native, b-1778 died 1840/1843.  Mr Kipling was seized with a paralytic fit which entirely deprived him of sense and speech and he is now dangerously ill.  He really did not regain his health until his death in 1794.

September 14:  Birth Green Bay, Hypolite Grignon son Pierre Grignon and Domitelle De Langlade, b-1763.

September 15:  Ernest Town, Ontario, marriage, John Longwill and Margaret Lake.

September 19:  Detroit, death Charles Rousseau b-1724.

September 28:   Robert Gray (1755-1806) sailed on his second voyage 1790-1793, commanding the Columbia from Boston to Vancouver Island.  He claimed the discovery of the "Great River of the West" naming it the Columbia River.  He must have been aware of the Spanish exploration and settlements of the Pacific coast in the 16th century.

September 28:  Ernest Town, Ontario, marriage, Johannes Stover and Jemima Hicks.

October 6:   (I)- Duncan Cameron a Scot (1764-1848), a rival trader with many years experience, built a trading post next to Southerland's Red Lake Post. (I)-James Sutherland (1751-1872) considered Cameron to be of genteel behavior and obliging nature.  Cameron's mode of living was on a grander scale than anything Sutherland had been accustomed to in the Hudson Bay Service. He was mortified to think that he had neither forks nor knives and only one plate. Their Indian uniforms are grander than ours, this coming from a tailor.  Two of the Canadians, however, died that winter.  

October 31:  Detroit, marriage (IV)-Pierre Tessier, Metis, born December 11, 1747 St. Michel d'Yamaska, son (III)-Pierre Tessier (1708-1759) and (III)-Genevieve Parenteau (1716-1760): married October 31, 1790, Detroit, Barbe. 

August 13:   James Southerland (1751-1797) selected and built Red Lake Trading Post, but complained that his men were poor carpenters, poor hunters, and knew little about net-making.

August 15:   British Fort Detroit (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Joseph Benoit Chapoton son (III)-Benoit Chapoton and (IV)-Therese Meloche.

August 31:   British Fort Detroit (Michigan), birth, (V)-Veronique Campeau daughter (IV)-Jean Baptiste Campeau born 1743 and (V)-Genevieve Godet born 1751.

September:   British Fort Detroit (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Louis Raphaels Huyet born January 10, 1762 son (II)-Pierre Huyet et Huguet-Huiette-Ponceley-Champagne born 1737 and (IV)-Marie Reine Trempley born 1744; married Marie Croisette Laperle daughter Pierre Laperle.

September 13:  Fort Detroit, marriage Louis Huyet married Marie Croisette Pineau daughter Pierre Pineau dit Laperle and Marie Presseau.

September 27:  Fort Detroit, marriage, (IV)-Jean Baptiste Raoul son (III)-Jean Baptiste Raoul b-1722, died December 4, 1779 Fort Detroit and (V)-Marie Jeanne Prudhomme b-1744 daughter (IV)-Francois Xavier Prudhomme; married Marguerite LaPointe daughter Jean Baptiste LaPointe

October 27:   British Fort Detroit (Michigan), birth, Archange Campeau daughter Bernard Campeau, brother, married to (V)-Veronique Douaire born 1766 daughter (IV)-Joseph Douaire.

October 31:  Fort Detroit, marriage, (IV)-Pierre Tessier, Metis born December 11, 1747, St. Michel d'Yamaska son (III)-Pierre Tessier (1708-1759) and (III)-Genevieve Parenteau (1716-1760); married October 31, 1790, Fort Detroit Barbie.  

November 9:  Fort Detroit, marriage (III)-Francois Navarre son (II)-Robert Navarre b-1739 and (III)-Marie Louise Demarsac b-1744; married Marie Suzor daughter Louis Suzar.

November 9:  British Fort Detroit  (Michigan), marriage (V)-Seraphin Lauzon born June 5, 1763, baptism September 17, 1763 Detroit son (IV)-Antoine Nicolas Lauzon (1727-1770) and (III)-Angelique Chevalier b-1733: married (IV)-Marie Louise Morand b-1799 daughter daughter (III)-Claude Charles Morand (1722-1775) and (III)-Marie Anne Belleperche (1734-1794).

November 13:  Fort Detroit, marriage (V)-Michel Tremblay born March 23, 1768 Detroit son (IV)-Louis Michel Tremblay b-1738 and (II)-Cecile Yax b-1753: 1st married (V)-Marie Joseph Lauzon (1768-1794) daughter (IV)-Antoine Nicolas Lauzon; 2nd married November 7, 1795 Detroit (III)-Marie Joseph Chapoton daughter (II)-Jean Babtiste Chapoton.

March 23:  Detroit, marriage (V)-Michel Trembley born March 23, 1968 Detroit son (IV)-Ls Michel Tremblay b-1738 and (II)-Cecile Yax b-1753; married 1st November 13, 1790 Detroit, Marie Joseph Lauzon; 2nd marriage November 7, 1795 Detroit, Marie Joseph Chapoton.

November 9:  Detroit, marriage (III)-Francois Navarre, Metis, son (II)-Robert Navarre, Metis, b-1739 and (III)-Marie Louise DeMarsac, b-1744; married November 9, 1790, Marie Suzon daughter Louis Suzor.

November 20:   British Fort Detroit (Michigan), marriage, Jean Baptiste Lacelle (Il etait June 18, 1777, British Fort Detroit (Michigan)), 1st married lost likely Detroit a Marguerite Meloche died November 20, 1790, 2nd marriage November 20 1790 British Fort Detroit (Michigan), (a country divorce and marriage likely preceded this church wedding, see birth November 21 below) Catherine Rivard daughter Jean Baptiste Rivard.

November 21:   British Fort Detroit (Michigan), birth, Felicite Lacelle son Jean Baptiste Lacelle and Catherine Rivard.

December 3:   British Fort Detroit (Michigan), birth, Francois Xavier Campeau son Antoine Jacques Campeau and Suzzanne Cuillerier.

December 3:   British Fort Detroit (Michigan), birth, (V)-Marie Gamelin daughter (IV)-Francois Gamelin died 1774 and Joachine Faucher.

December 5:  Adolphus Town, Ontario, marriage, Peter Ruttan and Jemina Sloat.

December 16:  Ernest Town, Ontario, marriage, Bruine Hough and Mary Walker. 

December 23:  Ernest Town, Ontario, marriage, Robert Perry and Anne Rogers.

December 28:  Ernest Town, Ontario, marriage, Jacob Comar and Debrah Hicks.

December 28:  Sophiasburgh Town, Ontario, marriage, Richard Morden and Anne Williams of Ernest Town, Ontario.




(I)-John George Thomas of Vaudreuil of St. Michael, Seignior of Vaudreuil, County of York, District of Montreal born 1766 St. Andrews, Holborn, London, England, alias Thomas Thomas-(1), arrived 1789 died 1824, and is not to be confused with (I)-Thomas Thomas-(2)  who joined Hudson Bay Company 1791 and defected to North West Company 1804.

January 1, 1833:  George Simpson wrote to William Smith that, apparently, John Thomas jr. was really Thomas Thomas jr. but no mention was made of any error.  So maybe the error was made in the copy book only.  Anyway, it appears Thomas jr. died in 1824 and his widow Neenish born 1781 had administered the estate )She had remarried Richard Steven's) (Neenish told Thomas Simpson at Red River, May 31, 1832, when she married Richard Steven's that daughter (II)-Eleanor Thomas and (II)-Richard Thomas lives at Rupert River and their son (II)-Charles Thomas is at Red River)  (I)-John Thomas through his last will dated, January 19, 1822, by notary H. Griffin:


(II)-Charles Thomas

(II)-Charlotte Thomas who married Peter Spense and had a son John Spense.

(II)-Eleanor Thomas born about 1805 presently (1822) married to Peter Foy also married about 1823 a (II)-Richard Thomas.

(II)-Margaret Thomas, spinster, is living in London, England.

(II)-Francois Thomas married to Andrew Stewart also married May 20, 1828 Red River a Henry Buxton.

(II)-Anne Thomas born 1804 Moose Factory (Ontario) married about 1815 Moose Factory (Ontario), church wedding, February 10, 1835, Red River to (former) Chief Factor Moose Factory (Ontario) Alexander Christie now (1835) living Red River, and who retired to Aberdeen Scotland 1852.

(II)-Elizabeth (Betsy) Thomas married Richard Stony Robins and had a son; Henry Stony Robins.  Richard Stony Robins, who is presently (1822) living with James Russell also married March 13, 1820 Red River a (II)-Joseph Bird, Metis (1800-1878) son (I)-James Bird Sr. a.k.a. James Curtis (1773-1856), of Red River District.

(II)-Another Daughter ,who is cast off by her father after she smothered her two children, by John George McTavish whom deserted her.  Probably Catherine Thomas who married July 23, 1829 Red River a John Bunn?  John George McTavish was one of those Scots who practiced serial marriages, casting off wives and children a bastardizer.

Louis Gaunaux alias Gournon, Gornow and Gurnoe is born 1790 Fort La Pointe (Madeleine Island) Lake Superior (Wisconsin) son Monsieur Gaunaux (Garneau) the stray originally of Ste Pierre de Montmagny? a French Canadian trader and Mother Sioux (Se Gaunaux So-Way-Guay).  Monsieur Gaunaux (Garneau) the stray originally of Ste Pierre de Montmagny? is reported to have purchased So-Way-Guay, a young captured Sioux, from the Ojibwa.

Peter Pond (1740-1807), forced to retire from the North West Company, sold his share to (I)-William McGillivray (1764-1825) because of his implications in two murders.  


METIS HISTORY: Return to METIS 1790-1790 index